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Date: 21 May 2018
Raytheon Company  
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Company Name: Raytheon Company

    
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Company Type: Defence Sensor Research & Manufacturer

Company Profile

Shared past, one future: the making of a global technology leader

With a history of innovation spanning 85 years, Raytheon today is the result of continuous technological leadership. Over the years Raytheon has acquired businesses with impressive legacies of their own including: Beechcraft; E-Systems; Texas Instruments' Defense Systems and Electronics business; and Hughes Aircraft's Defense Electronics business. All these businesses brought complementary skills and expertise, which have combined to make Raytheon a global leader in defense, homeland security and other government markets throughout the world.. Here's a quick look back at the history of Raytheon. This proud past has positioned Raytheon well for an even more successful future.

Beginnings 1920s and 1930s
In 1922, Raytheon is founded as the American Appliance Company, a maker of machinery, motors and components. In 1930, Texas Instruments (TI) is founded as Geophysical Service, Inc. a provider of contract exploration services to the petroleum industry. In 1932, Hughes Aircraft is created as a division of the Hughes Tool Company, with a focus on military aircraft research and design; Beech Aircraft is established that same year. In 1945, the Texas Engineering and Manufacturing Company (TEMCO), precursor to E-Systems, is founded.

World War II Years 1940s
Raytheon meets urgent production needs for magnetron tubes used by Allied forces for radar defense, and produces the Sea Going microwave surface search radar that went on every U.S. Navy ship. The SG provided vital situational awareness in the major battles in the Pacific and helped eliminate the submarine menace in the Battle of the Atlantic. TI also produces magnetic anomaly submarine detection devices for the U.S. government, and shortly after the war receives its first airborne radar system contract. Hughes plays a key defense role by producing more than 1 million feet of its flexible Ammunition Feed Chute for aircraft, and developing the XF-11 Photoreconnaissance Plane. Beechcraft produces 7,400 planes for U.S. and Allied forces; around 90 percent of all U.S. Army Air Corps bombardiers and navigators are trained in Beechcraft AT-7 and AT-11 planes.

Birds of Prey 1940s
As America re-arms after the war, Raytheon, Hughes and TI fill the skies with a new generation of guided missiles … all named after birds, including Raytheon's Lark Missile, Sparrow III (AIM-7) Missile, and HAWK (MIM-23) Systems; TI's Shrike Missile (AGM-45); and Hughes' Falcon (AIM-4) Missile. In 1947, Beech introduces a magnificent bird of its own: the Model 35 Beech Bonanza, a high-performance, single-engine, business airplane that's still being made to this day, extending its industry record for continuous production.

Reaching New Heights 1950s and 1960s
In the 50’s and early 60’s, amazing innovations are everywhere. Raytheon's Lark Missile knocks a test drone out of the air, becoming the first missile-mounted guidance system and continuous wave radar capable of intercepting moving objects. TI leverages its knowledge of silicon transistors to invent the integrated circuit, enabling the digital revolution and forever changing the world. Hughes launches the first geosynchronous communications satellite, enabling Americans to watch live coverage of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, a landmark in global broadcasting. Beech introduces the Model 90 Beech King Air, which quickly establishes itself as the industry standard in corporate jet props. After several mergers and acquisitions, TEMCO becomes known as LTV, the company that would spin off E-Systems just over a decade later.

To the Moon 1960s
The 1969 lunar landing captures the world's imagination, and Raytheon, TI and Hughes all play key roles. Earlier in the decade, the Hughes-built Surveyor spacecraft completes the first successful soft lunar landing, paving the way for the Apollo flights to follow. For Apollo 11, Raytheon builds the computer that guides the space vehicles in their journey, and its on-board microwave tube transmits radio and TV signals to earth, enabling millions to witness history live. The Apollo Guidance Computer gained the reputation of the most reliable digital computer of its time as there were no failures of any type during the missions. And TI contributes precision switches, thermostats, transistors, and other critical semiconductor components to the program.

Vietnam Era 1970s
The AIM-7F Sparrow enters production to improve dog fight capability. TI’s laser-guided bombs absolutely transform tactical air warfare, and the Hughes Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided (TOW) anti-tank missile demonstrates high effectiveness when introduced into combat.

Modern Conflicts 1980s and 1990s
In the Persian Gulf War, Raytheon's Patriot Missile intercepts Iraqi Scuds fired at Israel and Saudi Arabia, becoming the first missile ever to engage a hostile ballistic missile in combat. TI's High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) and Paveway laser-guided "smart bomb" constitute 65 percent of air-delivered weapons used by Coalition Forces in Operation Desert Storm. Hughes develops its own state-of-the-art weapon system, the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air (AMRAAM) AIM-20 Missile. The U.S. Air Force selects the Beechjet for its T-1A Jayhawk program to train tanker and transport pilots; the company will eventually deliver 180 aircraft for the program.

Raytheon Today 2000s
Raytheon today is a unique technology company and a world leader in defense electronics, with a broader range of products, service and capabilities than ever before. The proud legacies of Raytheon, E-Systems, Texas Instruments, Hughes Aircraft and others have come together to form one company with one vision: to be the most admired defense and aerospace systems supplier through world-class people and technology. With the hard work and dedication of more than 72,000 employees, Raytheon is well-equipped to meet the needs of its customers in over 80 countries … today, tomorrow and well into the 21st century.

The Missions Of Tomorrow
Government and defense customers on every continent rely on over 8,000 Raytheon programs for innovative technology solutions, world-class Mission Systems Integration and other capabilities in the areas of Sensing; Effects; Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence systems; as well as a broad range of Mission Support services. Raytheon delivers renowned innovation and assured performance, giving customers a distinct operational advantage today, while helping them prepare for the missions of tomorrow.

About Company

Raytheon Company was founded in Cambridge, Mass., as the American Appliance Company in 1922, a pivotal time in American history. The first decade of modernism, the 1920s saw the advent of automobiles, radios and refrigerators. The electrical industry was extending power lines across the United States, and telephones were linking every hamlet and home. In the aftermath of World War I, the roaring '20s was a time of flappers and flasks, and the nation was in flux, disillusioned by the end of a bitter war that brought no real peace or economic security and energized by the prospects of modern technological advances. Emerging from the depths of a severe post-war depression that wiped out jobs and forged a widening chasm between the privileged and the poor was a breed of entrepreneurs with a driving ambition to succeed and willingness to gamble on it.

It is against this backdrop that the founders of Raytheon became business partners. Two former college roommates, Laurence K. Marshall and Vannevar Bush, formed the company with Charles G. Smith, a young scientist who had developed the prototype for a home refrigerator that used artificial coolants. Marshall, an engineer, businessman and trained physicist, and Bush, a scientist and professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, along with several other financial backers dreamed of prosperity and a potential market for their newly developed refrigerator.

As is the case with so many other entrepreneurs, however, the product that launched the company was a bust and never left the laboratory. Facing failure, it was Marshall and Bush who suggested revisiting an earlier idea young Smith had experimented with: a new kind of gaseous tube that would allow radios for the first time to be plugged into a wall socket and operate on electricity rather than batteries. The tube would overcome the need for two expensive, short-lived A and B batteries, the greatest shortcoming to widespread radio use at the time. By devising a way to replace the B battery with a tube, the small company not only beat out the army of researchers and engineers of RCA, Westinghouse and other corporate giants, it produced a device that forced the entire radio industry into a new direction and made radios affordable and accessible to every household. Perfected and introduced to the public in 1925, the tube, known technically as a gaseous rectifier and marketed under the brand name Raytheon, brought in more than $1 million in sales by the end of 1926 and positioned the company as a major contributor to the fast-growing radio tube market for nearly two decades.

In the more than 80 years since, the company would become known for many more major technological advancements that have changed the course of American culture and world history. Among these innovations are the first commercial microwave ovens, miniature tubes for hearing aids, the Fathometer depth sounder, the mass production of magnetron tubes, early shipboard radar, the first successful missile guidance system, a space communications system, mobile radio telephones, the first combat-proven air defense missile system and Terminal Doppler Weather Radar.

In 1925, the year American Appliance Company began to take off, an Indiana company made it known that it held prior claim to the American Appliance Company name. Because of the success of the Raytheon radio tube, company officials at that time elected to extend the use of the name to describe the entire organization, and the company's name was officially changed to Raytheon Manufacturing Company. "Ray" comes from "rai," an Old French word that means "a beam of light," while "theon" comes from the Greek and means "from the gods." Furthermore, both the product and company name were deemed scientifically appropriate given groundbreaking research at the time on the mystery of the Wolf-Rayet star Zeta Puppis, which emitted bright ultraviolet lines believed to be the result of gaseous substances. Laboratory experiments by C.G. Smith on the source of these gases became the basis of crucial importance to his development of the company's radio tube.


Address: Corporate Communications: Raytheon Company 870 Winter Street Waltham, MA 02451  City: Waltham      State:: MA
Contact:    Phone:        Fax::  
Website: http://www.raytheon.com  Email:
Registered: 02 January, 2009 08:54
Company Products: Space and Airborne Systems, Integrated Defense Systems, Missile Systems, NETWORK CENTRIC SYSTEMS
Related Company: Battelle Memorial Institute, Quickstep Advanced Composite
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